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Corneal re-epithelialization stimulated by diadenosine polyphosphates recruits RhoA/ROCK and ERK1/2 pathways.

Tipo: Artículo
Autores: Mediero A, Guzmán-Aranguez A, Crooke A, Peral A, Pintor J.
Títuto Revista: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Centro: 08 - UCM - EUÓ
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Nov;49(11):4982-92. Epub 2008 Jul 18.

Corneal re-epithelialization stimulated by diadenosine polyphosphates recruits RhoA/ROCK and ERK1/2 pathways.


Departamentos de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular IV, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.



To investigate the role of ERK1/2 and RhoA/ROCK intracellular pathways in the modification of corneal re-epithelialization when stimulated by the diadenosine polyphosphates Ap(4)A and Ap(3)A.


In wounded confluent SIRC (Statens Seruminstitut rabbit cornea) cell monolayers and in the presence or absence of Ap(4)A or Ap(3)A 100 microM, a battery of P2 receptor antagonists and inhibitors of tyrosin kinases, MAPK, and cytoskeleton pathways (AG1478 100 microM, U0126 100 microM, Y27632 100 nM, and (-)-blebbistatin 10 microM; n = 8 each) were assayed. Also, the activation of ERK1/2 and ROCK-I was examined by Western blot assay after treatment with Ap(4)A and Ap(3)A (100 microM), with or without suramin, RB-2, U0126, and Y27632. The intracellular distribution of pERK and ROCK-I was examined in the presence of Ap(4)A or Ap(3)A (100 microM) with U0126 and Y27632 (100 nM).


In the presence of Ap(4)A, U0126, Y27632, AG1478, and (-)-blebbistatin, reduced the migration rate compared to the effect of Ap(4)A alone (P < 0.0001, P < 0.001, P < 0.01, and P < 0.1 versus Ap(4)A, respectively). In the presence of Ap(3)A 100 microM, U0126 and Y27632 accelerated the migration rate when compared with the effect of Ap(3)A alone, whereas AG1478 and (-)-blebbistatin (P < 0.0001 versus Ap(3)A) slowed the migration rate. Western blot assays demonstrated that both dinucleotides activated the ERK1/2 pathway but only Ap(4)A activated the ROCK-I pathway. The intracellular distribution of pERK1/2 and ROCK-I reflected cross-talk between these two pathways.


The activation of the Ap(4)A/P2Y(2) receptor, accelerates corneal epithelial cell migration during wound healing with the activation of MAPK and cytoskeleton pathways, whereas activation of the Ap(3)A/P2Y(6) receptor signals only the MAPK pathway.

PMID:18641289 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]